samsung technology

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子 (actually "tristar electronics")) is a South Korean multinational electronics organisation established in Suwon, South Korea.[1] via having an incredibly complex possession structure with some round ownership,[3] it's miles the flagship company of the Samsung organization, accounting for 70% of the group's sales in 2012.[4] Samsung Electronics has meeting plants and sales networks in 80 international locations and employs around 308,745 humans.[2] it is the world's largest records generation organization, customer electronics maker and chipmaker by using sales.[5] As of October 2017, Samsung Electronics' marketplace cap stood at US$ billion.[6]

Samsung has long been a prime producer of electronic additives inclusive of lithium-ion batteries, semiconductors, chips, flash memory and difficult pressure gadgets for customers such as Apple, Sony, HTC and Nokia.[7][8] it is the arena's largest manufacturer of cell phones and smartphones, commenced with the authentic Samsung Solstice[9] and later fueled by using the recognition of its Samsung Galaxy line of devices.[10] The business enterprise is also a main seller of tablet computers, in particular its Android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab collection, and is typically regarded as pioneering the phablet market thru the Samsung Galaxy word family of devices.[11] Samsung has been the world's largest television producer when you consider that 2006,[12] and the sector's largest producer of mobile phones when you consider that 2011.[13] it is also the sector's biggest memory chips producer.[14] In July 2017, Samsung Electronics overtook Intel as the most important semiconductor chip maker in the global.[15]

Samsung, like many different South Korean family-run chaebols, has been criticized for low dividend payouts and different governance practices that choose controlling shareholders on the price of regular traders.[16]

In 2012, Kwon Oh-hyun become appointed the employer's CEO however introduced in October 2017 that he might resign in March 2018, citing an "extraordinary disaster".[17][18][19]
1969–1987: Early years

Samsung electric powered Industries turned into established as an industry Samsung group in 1969 in Suwon, South Korea.[20] Its early merchandise were electronic and electrical appliances along with televisions, calculators, refrigerators, air conditioners and washing machines. In 1970, Samsung group installed some other subsidiary, Samsung-NEC, mutually with Japan's NEC company to fabricate home appliances and audiovisual devices. In 1974, the organization expanded into the semiconductor enterprise by means of obtaining Korea Semiconductor, one of the first chip-making facilities inside the us of a on the time. the acquisition of Korea Telecommunications, an electronic switching gadget manufacturer, turned into completed at the start of the following decade in 1980.

by using 1981, Samsung electric powered Industries had manufactured over 10 million black-and-white televisions. In February 1983, Samsung's founder, Lee Byung-chull, along with the board of the samsung enterprise and employer settlement and assist by means of sponsoring the event, made an declaration later dubbed the "Tokyo assertion", wherein he declared that Samsung intended to grow to be a DRAM (dynamic random-get entry to reminiscence) seller. three hundred and sixty five days later, Samsung have become the 0.33 organisation inside the international to expand a sixty four kb DRAM.[citation needed] In 1988, Samsung electric powered Industries merged with Samsung Semiconductor & Communications to shape Samsung Electronics,[21] as earlier than that, they had no longer been one enterprise and had no longer been a leading organization collectively, but they had been no longer opponents, as they have been in talks for a time, till they finally merged.
1988–1995: customer struggles

Samsung Electronics launched its first cell phone in 1988, inside the South Korean marketplace.[22] income had been to begin with poor and by means of the early 1990s, Motorola held a market proportion of over 60 percentage inside the u . s . a .'s cell smartphone marketplace compared to just 10 percentage for Samsung.[22] Samsung's mobile telephone division additionally struggled with bad nice and inferior products till the mid-1990s and exit from the arena turned into a frequent topic of discussion within the corporation.[23]
1995–2008: thing manufacturing

Lee Kun-Hee determined that Samsung had to alternate strategy. The organization shelved the manufacturing of many below-selling product lines and as an alternative pursued a procedure of designing and production additives and making an investment in new technology for other corporations. similarly, Samsung mentioned a 10-yr plan to shrug off its photograph as a "finances emblem" and to mission Sony as the world's largest client electronics producer. It became hoped in this way Samsung might advantage an expertise of how merchandise are made and supply a technological lead sometime within the future. This affected person vertical integration strategy of manufacturing additives has borne fruit for Samsung in the late-2000s.[24]

As Samsung shifted far from consumer markets, the enterprise devised a plan to sponsor major wearing occasions. One such sponsorship was for the 1998 iciness Olympics held in Nagano, Japan.[25]

As a chaebol, Samsung group wielded wealth that allowed the organisation to invest and broaden new technology in place of construct products at a level which could not have a damaging impact on Samsung's finances.[26]

Samsung had some of technological breakthroughs, especially within the subject of reminiscence which might be common in most electric products nowadays. This includes the arena's first 64Mb DRAM in 1992, 256 Mb DRAM in 1994, 1Gb DRAM in 1996.[27] In 2004, Samsung developed the arena's first 8Gb NAND flash reminiscence chip and a production deal changed into struck with Apple in 2005. A deal to supply Apple with memory chips became sealed in 2005 and, as of October 2013, Samsung remains a key provider of Apple components, production the A7 processors which might be inside the iPhone 5S version.[28][29]
2008 to provide: patron products
The Samsung show at the 2008 Internationale Funkausstellung in Berlin

For 4 consecutive years, from 2000 to 2003, Samsung posted net profits higher than five-percentage; this was at a time when sixteen out of the 30 top South Korean businesses ceased working inside the wake of the unprecedented crisis.[30][31]

In 2005, Samsung Electronics passed its japanese rival, Sony, for the primary time to emerge as the arena's 20th-biggest and maximum famous consumer logo, as measured through Interbrand.[32]

In 2007, Samsung Electronics became the world's second-biggest cellular-smartphone maker, overtaking Motorola for the first time.[33] In 2009, Samsung performed overall revenues people$117.four billion, overtaking Hewlett-Packard to end up the world's biggest technology corporation measured by way of sales.[34]

In 2009 and 2010, america and european fined the corporation, together with eight different memory chip makers, for its component in a price-fixing scheme that came about between 1999 and 2002. other agencies fined included Infineon technology, Elpida reminiscence and Micron era.[35][36][37][38][39] In December 2010, the eu granted immunity to Samsung Electronics for performing as an informant at some point of the investigation (LG show, AU Optronics, Chimei InnoLux, Chunghwa picture Tubes and HannStar show have been implicated as end result of the agency's intelligence).[40][41]

notwithstanding its consistent enlargement, Samsung, along with its chairman Lee Kun-hee, has developed a reputation for insecurity regarding its financial balance and the capacity for future crises to rise up. After returning from a transient retirement length in March 2010, Kun-hee said that "Samsung Electronics' destiny isn't always guaranteed because most of our flagship products may be obsolete in 10 years from now."[42]

The agency has set an formidable purpose of reaching $four hundred billion in annual revenues inside ten years. The agency has 24 research-and-improvement facilities around the arena, and because the early 2000s and within the imaginative and prescient 2020, Samsung has emphasized technical research and development. however, the massive range of on line lawsuits suggest that the agency is weak at taking note of customer comments regarding the layout of its era and software.[20]

In April 2011, Samsung Electronics sold its HDD commercial operations to Seagate technology for about US$1.4 billion. The price become composed of 45.2 million Seagate stocks (9.6 percentage of shares), well worth US$687.5 million, and a cash sum for the the rest.[43]

In might also 2013, Samsung introduced that it had in the end controlled to test velocity-more desirable 5th generation (5G) era effectively.[44]

In April 2013, Samsung Electronics' new entry into its Galaxy S series cellphone variety, the Galaxy S4 changed into made to be had for retail. released because the upgrade of the best-selling Galaxy S III, the S4 changed into sold in some worldwide markets with the company's Exynos processor.[45]

In July 2013, Samsung Electronics forecasted weaker than predicted income for its April to June zone. at the same time as analysts predicted round 10.1 trillion won, Samsung Electronics estimated an running income of ₩9.5 trillion (US$8.3 billion).[46] throughout the same month, Samsung acquired the media streaming tool producer Boxee for a suggested $30 million.[47]

Samsung's cellular business leader Shin Jong-kyun said to the Korea times on eleven September 2013 that Samsung Electronics will similarly expand its presence in China to strengthen its market function in relation to Apple. The Samsung executive additionally confirmed that a 64-bit cellphone handset might be launched to suit the ARM-primarily based A7 processor of Apple's iPhone 5s model that become released in September 2013.[48]

because of smartphone income—mainly income of lower-priced handsets in markets including India and China—Samsung executed report income inside the 1/3 sector of 2013. The operating income for this period rose to about 10.1 trillion gained (US$nine.4 billion), a figure that changed into boosted with the aid of memory chip income to customers including Apple, Inc.[29] On 14 October 2013, Samsung Electronics publicly apologized for the usage of refurbished components from inexpensive desktop computer systems to repair higher-cease products, after the company's unethical enterprise practices were uncovered on the previous day through MBC television's contemporary affairs mag, 2580.[49]

Samsung supplied sponsorship for the 86th Academy Awards ceremony (held 2 March 2014) and, due to using the Samsung Galaxy note telephone product with the aid of host Ellen DeGeneres in a group selfie image that have become an online viral phenomenon, the corporation donated US$3 million to two charitable organizations selected by using DeGeneres. The legit Samsung announcement explained: "... we wanted to make a donation to Ellen's charities of preference: St Jude's and the Humane Society. Samsung will donate 1.5 million bucks to each charity."[50][51]

On 17 April 2014, Samsung had announced it was discontinuing its ebook shop powerful 1 July 2014 and had partnered with Amazon to introduce the Kindle for Samsung app, so one can permit Galaxy device customers the use of Android four.0 and up to buy and study content from Amazon's catalog of periodicals and ebooks, and a unfastened ebook provider, Samsung e-book deals, in an effort to permit users of the co-branded app to choose one free ebook monthly from a diffusion furnished through Amazon.[52]

In February 2014, Barnes & Noble announced a brand new corner color pill could be launched in 2014.[53] In June 2014, Barnes & Noble introduced it'd be teaming up with Samsung – one of the leaders in Android-based tablets – to increase co-branded coloration tablets titled the Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 nook; the gadgets will feature Samsung's hardware, together with a 7-inch display, and custom designed corner software from Barnes & Noble. the primary Galaxy Tab 4 corner will begin selling in the US in August 2014,[54] with nook focusing at the software program and content, and Samsung focusing on the hardware.[55][56] The product specifications published by Samsung imply that, in comparison to the top class first-class stronger ereaders released in 2012 (the corner HD and HD+, which "had displays and CPUs comparable to the best mid-degree and top class ), the greater budget-like functions of the Samsung Galaxy Tab four corner will be designed for a lower marketplace tier (Android 4.four.2 KitKat on a 1.2 GHz quad-middle Snapdragon CPU with 1.5GB RAM, Wifi, and Bluetooth, in addition to a 1.2MP the front-going through digicam and a 3MP rear camera, display resolution of 1280 x 800, and a $199 retail charge; roughly $80 more than comparable capsules that do not convey a Samsung brand)."[57]

In reporting on Barnes & Noble's five June 2014 assertion that the bookseller would be teaming up with Samsung to broaden corner pills, the associated Press cited:[55]

    "Barnes & Noble says it'll maintain to make and promote its $99 corner Glowlight[sic] e-readers and provide customer support."
    "The agency also says it's far transferring its corner personnel out of its Palo Alto, Calif., places of work to store money. employees are anticipated to transport to a smaller area in close by Santa Clara, Calif., by using July."

In Q1 2015, Samsung's income dropped 39% to USD4.35 billion due to heavier smartphone opposition from Apple's iPhone 6 and 6 Plus, in addition to a slew of Android competition.[58]

In may 2015, Samsung announced a partnership with IKEA, in accordance with the wireless power Consortium, to co-expand furniture that might allow Qi inductive charging at the cellular global Congress.[59] In June, Samsung hooked up a devoted LFD enterprise, Samsung show answers,[60] catering to the enterprise's clever variety of LED merchandise. The employer's smart variety of LED presentations encompass Signage, Hospitality display, tv, LED, Cloud show, and add-ons. The enterprise affords the following all-in-one patron software program answers: MagicInfo, MagicIWB, LYNK SINC, LYNK HMS, and LYNK attain. The business enterprise caters to the subsequent industries: Retail, corporate, corporate, Hospitality, and Transportation.

On sixteen June 2016, Samsung Electronics introduced that it has agreed to collect cloud-computing organisation Joyent. it will allow it to develop its cloud-based offerings for its smartphones and internet-related devices.[61]

On 14 November 2016, Samsung Electronics introduced an agreement to buy American car device manufacturer Harman for US$eight billion.[62] On 10 March 2017, the acquisition became completed.[63] On 6 April 2017, Samsung Electronics stated that financials were up for the corporation in the area. The yr earlier, "reminiscence chips and flexible presentations accounted for about 68 in step with cent of Samsung's working profit in the final zone of 2016, a change from preceding years while the smartphone business became the principle contributor."[64]

On 2 may additionally 2017, Samsung has been given permission from The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and shipping of Korea to begin trying out a self-using automobile generation.[65][66] consistent


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